The fear of public speaking, also called glossophobia, is one of the most common phobias. Standing before an audience and talking while all eyes are on the speaker can paralyze him in a few seconds if he fails to control his nerves. But how to overcome that fear?
Public speaking is an art difficult to master, but improving it is only a matter of practice. It is important to understand the symptoms and causes of the fear of public speaking to work internally to overcome it0.
What are the symptoms of fear of public speaking?
Each person reacts differently by submitting to the stress caused by public speaking. Therefore, it is necessary to be aware of all the signals. Generally, fear manifests itself through the following symptoms:
- Trembling in the hands and voice
- Increase of cardiac frequency
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach upset
- Excessive speaking speed
- Total block when your mind goes blank
There are those who compare the nerves with the bite of a snake. When a person begins to feel their body, it becomes paralyzed, just as happens with the bite because of the poison.
These symptoms are an alert call from the organism when feeling under pressure or threatened. The individual’s survival instinct activates their defense mechanism and, when they panic, they may feel the need to flee from the stressful situation.
What are your causes?
- Some traumatic experience related to public speaking
- Fear of rejection
- Low self-esteem
If a person lived a shameful experience while intervening in public, this is likely to have marked him psychologically. This can cause you to feel depressed, to the point of panicking when facing an audience.
Because they are individuals of a social nature, people often seek the approval and sympathy of others to feel good. In this sense, the fear of ridicule is something that limits them when expressing their ideas and feelings. However, these fears can be overcome with much patience and psychological work.
How to overcome it?
Overcoming the fear of public speaking is an individual job. Although he receives help from his relatives and acquaintances to cope with his fears, it is the individual who has the power to change his situation.
These are some things that can be done to overcome fear:
Knowing the topic in-depth and handling it very well is essential for a speech to come out as expected. No one knows the subject more than the speaker or speaker. Not even the public. Therefore, the better the subject is mastered, the more security you will feel.
On the other hand, it is also important to know the audience to whom the speech is directed, think like him and prepare answers to possible questions. The more we know the public, the lighter the task of talking to him and interacting with him will be.
A good technique to overcome the fear of public speaking is to practice what is going to be said several times out loud. In addition, with the help of a mirror, familiar or familiar, this technique could be very useful for improving speech.
It is recommended to practice type responses to leave less room for improvisation.
Breathing exercises will be a great help in maintaining control of the body and mind when you start an intervention in public. In this sense, meditation exercises can also be part of the daily routine to relieve anxiety.
Pay special attention to body language
Adopting a correct posture that gives confidence when speaking will make a big difference when expressing yourself in public. For example, relaxing your shoulders, moving around the platform or near the public will give a greater sense of security to the speaker.
Interact with the public
Although at first, it may be a bit difficult due to shyness, looking people in the eye and interacting with them will increase the speaker’s confidence.
- To begin, it is recommended to search the public for people who seem most interested in the subject and inspire security. If we focus our eyes on them, everything will be much better.
The fear of public speaking is not permanent, but something perfectly controllable. The mind has the power to increase or overcome fears, and the decision to be dominated by them or dominate them is in each person.
And you, what will you do next time you stop talking in public?